Glaucoma vs Cataracts: Key Differences and Treatment.

Glaucoma and cataracts are two common eye conditions that can lead to vision loss, but they are very different in their causes, symptoms, and treatments. Understanding the differences can help you identify potential issues early and seek the right treatment.

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that damages the optic nerve, often due to increased eye pressure (intraocular pressure or IOP). It can cause peripheral vision loss and eventually lead to blindness if untreated.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Loss of side vision

Tunnel vision

Eye pain (in some cases)

Halos around lights

Risk Factors for Glaucoma 

Age (over 60)

Family history

Ethnicity (higher risk in African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics)

High eye pressure

Treatment for Glaucoma

Eye drops

Laser therapy

Surgery to reduce eye pressure

What Is Cataracts?

Cataracts occur when the eye’s lens becomes cloudy, leading to blurred vision. They develop gradually and are most common in older adults.

Symptoms of Cataracts

Cloudy or blurry vision

Difficulty seeing at night

Sensitivity to light

Double vision in one eye

Risk Factors for Cataracts

Age (over 60)

UV light exposure



Treatment for Cataracts

Surgery to replace the clouded lens with an artificial one

How to Protect Your Vision

Early detection and treatment are crucial for both glaucoma and cataracts. Regular eye exams can help catch these conditions early, allowing for timely treatment and better outcomes.

At Sri Sidrameshwar Eye Hospital, we offer comprehensive eye care services, including glaucoma and cataract diagnosis and treatment. If you have concerns about your vision, contact us to schedule an appointment. Early action can help preserve your sight and improve your quality of life.

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